Abayomi O. Ogunsanwo, Latifat I. Akindele, Hadir O. Alhassan-ewuoso

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of energy innovation technology on environmental challenges in Nigeria. This study examines the relationship between solar energy adoption and environmental sustainability in the Lagos Metropolitan Area of Nigeria. A survey was conducted using a Google Form to gather data from 385 respondents who were clients of solar energy providers. The Energy Innovation Scale, a four-point Likert scale survey, was employed to assess the key variables. The collected data underwent validity and reliability tests through Component factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha statistic respectively. The analysis was conducted using simple linear regression with SPSS. The study's results indicate a positive relationship between solar energy and both environmental pollution (EP) and environmental degradation (ED). The correlations between SE and EP, as well as SE and ED, were found to be 0.763 and 0.607, respectively. Additionally, the research model suggests that solar energy adoption can account for approximately 58.3% of the variation in environmental pollution (R square = 0.583), 36.8% of the variation in environmental degradation (R square = 0.368), and 53.6% of the variation in overall environmental challenges (R square = 0.536). The significant positive correlations and strong explanatory power of solar energy adoption underscore its role in addressing challenges related to pollution and degradation. These findings support the notion that solar energy can contribute substantially to the enhancement of environmental sustainability. Policymakers, urban planners, and stakeholders should prioritize promoting solar energy integration as part of broader sustainable development efforts. Keywords: Environmental Challenges, Environmental Degradation, Environmental pollution, Solar Energe0150